IAEA COMMITTEE ADDRESSES NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION by: Roshane Domus

During the committee’s first session, the majority of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) delegates voted on the agenda addressing nuclear proliferation.

With the goal of preventing any state’s abuse of the use of nuclear weapons and energy, IAEA committee, comes together to discuss North Korea and possible solutions for the reduction of nuclear disarmament.  

Four out of five delegates on the speaker's list of a moderated caucus regarding the relationship of North Korea said they believed that the country should be recognized as a nation. Otherwise, they argued, the Democratic Republic of Korea (DPRK) government would not be  open to negotiations that may lead to the reduction of its nuclear weapon production. Moreover, the delegates from  Japan and Cameroon argued that North Korea was working on a nuclear program purely as a means of protection.

In an effort to reduce or prevent any more nuclear proliferation, a number of countries have expressed their suggestions in the discussion. Uganda suggested establishing a program to monitor the trade of uranium and other supplies for building a nuclear weapon. Germany, on the other note, stated that the case with North Korea should be resolved based on the Iran Nuclear Deal, in which Iran agreed to the United Nations’ regular monitoring of Iran’s  facilities to make sure the nation followed the agreed upon terms. These terms include the reduction of Iran's uranium stockpile and more than a two-times decrease of the number of centrifuges currently operated by the country.  

The delegate of Paraguay brought up another method in connection to Germany's —  conducting more inspections on nuclear facilities. However,  another delegate argued that  increasing inspections would not necessarily increase anyone’s  safety. 

Recently, the North Korean state media released a photograph of a nuclear establishment with a map in the background showing circular lines extending from the North Korean territory to major American cities. Seemingly, these lines display the paths that a nuclear missile could reach. Perhaps this has led the delegate from the United States of America to state that while the country is never looking for war, it also does not encourage making diplomatic and peaceful deals with “the devil.”

The delegate of Japan, on the other hand, suggested that IAEA should negotiate with the DPRK government, but lean away from sanctions. Additionally, they saw sanctions put on the Democratic Republic of Korea (DPRK) as useless in an effort to reduce nuclear proliferation.

According to Guy Kennedy, the delegate of Chile, sanctions do not affect the government but affect the basic needs of the people — namely food, water and labor. The delegate also argued  that the sanctions on North Korea should be reduced.

"It is doing much more harm to the people of North Korea than the government, and no sanctions actually affect the nuclear program," he added.