The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) kicks off YMUN XLIV with Nuclear Militarization of North Korea on the agenda. In the first committee session, the delegates debated back and forth on how to deal with the nuclear threat from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The countries involved are the Russian Federation, Egypt, Uruguay, the United States of America, Ethiopia, the United Kingdom, Italy, Kazakhstan, Sweden, Senegal, France, Japan, China, Ukraine, and Bolivia.
The delegate from Ukraine, Owen Nowitsky, argued that the best approach would be to negotiate with DPRK through peaceful and non-aggressive reforms. Nowitsky claimed that based on the previous events, DPRK is clearly open to negotiations with other countries. In an interview, Nowitsky, said that the best solution would be to just keep a watchful eye on North Korea and that there should be less foreign involvement with the country.
However, other nations, such as Japan, do not trust North Korea enough to go into trade talks with the nation.
“Why would we trust a nation that poses a threat to international security?”, said Japan’s delegate. The delegate argued that member-states should revisit all trade deals to weaken North Korea’s economy.
The United States of America’s delegate, Jared Lawrence, concurred that the trade deals with DPRK should be revisited to weaken the country’s economy. Lawrence also argued for North Korea’s demilitarization. If this were done, the country would not be able to produce more nuclear weapons and would be forced to negotiate with other nations. Lawrence said he thought that North Korea would need to undergo a regime change, considering the notorious past of the Kim bloodline.
Still, Senegal’s delegate, Jae Hee Foh, was supportive of the demilitarization of DPRK, but they would not want to entirely shut down trade with the country. Foh said that Senegal had important trade connections with North Korea, so they would naturally disagree with the proposed halting of trade deals. Foh claimed that there were better ways to resolve the issue without cutting trade. Foh suggested that instead of coming up with harsher sanctions, member-states should just implement the existing sanctions on a stricter basis. Another suggestion Foh gave was focusing on making sure that DPRK’s revenue from trades do not go towards funding the production of more nuclear weaponry.
Despite all that, the committee also discussed the issue of whether North Korea can be trusted if it ever went into peaceful negotiations. Based on the past experiences, some members argued that DPRK could not be trusted since they did not abide by the agreements they made, especially the ones from the “six-party talks”. This is why the delegates also debated whether North Korea was willing to communicate and commit to whatever agreements they make.
Overall, the one thing the members agreed on was that North Korea should get rid of its nuclear weapon arsenal, but were unsure of whether to impose sanctions and halt trade deals.